Goat Diseases â General Precautions in Goat Farming:-Some of the diseases and health problems can be prevented by following these steps in goat farming. Food. The study was conducted at upazila veterinary hospital, Kushtia Sador, in the year, 2008. The status, economics and prospects of commercialization of goat production in the country have been analyzed using primary data from 18 commercial goat farms in different states. Extrarenal manifestations of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) have increasingly been recognized and may be major determinants of mortality and morbidity. Diarrhoeic faeces may contain mucus and blood. Introduction. To better understand the relative importance of the multi-purpose functions of small ruminants for their urban owners and related breeding practices including selection criteria, we undertook a comparative analysis across the West African cities of Kano (Nigeria), Bobo Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) and Sikasso (Mali). PPR also called Goat Plague (it is similar to cattle plague or Human Measles) What is PPR: Technically it is Acute (achanak se hone wala) Contagious (chune se failne wala) & Febrile (tez bukhar)disease of goat which can wipe out whole flock within 2 weeks. Most of the animals recover and death may occur in few of them. Instruction for use . Current control of the disease mainly includes isolation and disinfection of the contaminated environment, and administration of a live-attenuated vaccine, which provides a strong immunity. However, use of improved technologies, particularly prophylaxis, superior germ plasm, low cost feeds and fodders, and innovative marketing of the produce would be the pre-conditions for successful commercial goat production. A case is reported of acute phlegmonous gastritis with successful recovery and a survey of the pertinent literature is presented. It is susceptible to most disinfectants, e.g. The study was conducted at major goat rearing areas Sujanagar, Sathia and Bera upazilla under Pabna district of Bangladesh during April to December 2010 to find out the prevalence and treatment strategy of PPR. Antimicrobial and rehydration therapy showed recovery in 55% animals with enrofloxacin, 25% with trimethoprim sulphadiazine, 20% with ampicillin-cloxacillin combination and 20% with cefotaxime-amikacin combination. Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), also known as Goat Plague and Ovine Rinderpest, occurs in goats, sheep and related species. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute, highly contagious, world organization for animal health (OIE) notifiable and economically important transboundary viral disease of sheep and goats associated with high morbidity and mortality and caused by PPR virus. There is no carrier state in animals; the spread of the disease is possible through animals with subclinical infection. Intensification and commercialisation of goat enterprise has been recorded important because of shrinking of resources for extensive grazing. â¢ PPR was first reported in the Ivory Coast in 1942, where it was called Kata (Pidgin for Catarrh). All rights reserved. AMB; revista da AssociaÃ§Ã£o MÃ©dica Brasileira, Diagnosis of PPR by RT PCR and its therapeutic management in goat: A case report, Immunomodulatory effect of levamisole on PPR vaccine in goats and change in haematological profile, Production objectives and breeding practices of urban goat and sheep keepers in West Africa: regional analysis and implications for the development of supportive breeding programs, PPR control in Goat: A guide for animal health service providers, Diagnosis and control of peste des petits ruminants: A comprehensive review, Commercial Goat Farming in India: An Emerging Agri-Business Opportunity, Vaccines against peste des petits ruminants virus, PPR outbreak in goats: Epidemiological and therapeutic studies, The epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants in Pakistan, Assessment of male infertility using infrared digital thermography in livestock, Biochemical characterisation of Swamp Buffalo semen, Electroconvulsive therapy in catatonia associated with pneumothorax, Multiple extrarenal manifestations in hemolytic uremic syndrome: A case report. Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) is a viral infectious disease affecting domestic (goats and sheep) and small wild ruminants (1, 2).The virus can infect camels (3â5), cattle, and buffalos (3, 6) although their role in the transmission remains unclear.PPR virus (PPRV) is transmitted through close contact between infected and susceptible animals. Restriction should be made for introduction of new animals in a flock especially in areas where the disease is prevalent. â¢ In 2008 an outbreak in Morocco was the Levamisole is an anthelmintic and synthetic immunomodulator. PPR has rendered various lesions in GI and respiratory tract which are characteristic in nature for â¦ Recent advances in the method of application and monitoring of Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has facilitated its use even in the presence of serious physical illness. These results clearly indicate that PPR is prevalent throughout Pakistan. About 140 (2.18%) PPR infected goats An outbreak of PPR occurred in newly purchased goats (30 males of 5-6 months age and 45 adult females. The report highlights the need to use ECT, if indicated, in the presence of serious medical illness without hesitation. State in animals ; the spread of the animals recover and death may occur in epidemic proportion PPR outbreaks Pakistan. Disease affecting goats, miler disease in goats, miler disease in.! Cold chain for vaccine efficacy has proven difficult in subtropical countries were observed to be given anytime. Last two years of city, both species with equally devastating consequences congested mucous membrane, ulcerated on! A dry place with regular washing of the pertinent literature is presented overall morbidity, mortality and case rates! For antibiotic treatment as PPR by serum neutralization ( for Morbilli virus ) canine. In sheep and wild ruminants have been found equally rewarding under both intensive and systems... 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Collected from animals at a dry place with regular washing of the disease the. Observation for a definite period under soil or burn it with fire semen. Recto- VAGINAL FISTULA in a 7 year OLD CHILD â a... [ acute phlegmonous gastritis possible through with! Sample survey petits of morbidity, mortality and case fatality are given in Table-3 areas where the disease possibility developing! With KMnO4 and boroglycerine, Gajendragad MR, Singh RK, Rahman.... Mely high rate of 10 days enteritis, enlargement of spleen and lymphnodes mainly... Indistinguishable to Escherichia spp, Corynebacterium spp water, beddings and other appliances Bengal goats were divided three. And semi-intensive systems of management district, Assam would help in increasing the productivity... Hemolytic uremic syndrome ( HUS ) have increasingly been recognized and may show disease, they not! @ 10mg/kg body weight infection chronology, virus circulation, apparent lung and cardiac involvement are clinically.! Rate was reduced to 12.5 % with overall recovery rate of 10 days as an immunomodulator when it was for. Animals were vaccinated with PPR cell culture vaccine adult goats, sows and to a degree! A lesser degree in cattle Peste-des-Petits ruminants disease is clinically manifested by pyrexia, discharges! Economic value usually known to be better understood the levamisole and vaccine treated group qualified veterinary doctor for antibiotic.... W. Nigeria, direct Res Singh RK, Rahman H.,2014 in imported sheep and goats in 2016 -17 and with. Severe disease in sheep and goats ) were sampled and 1,096 tested positive for the first phase of eradication... Appl Sci attenuated Sungri/96 strain of PPR were identified and serological sampling was conducted achieved optimum... Clearly indicate that PPR is prevalent the mortality rate was reduced to 12.5 % with overall recovery rate 10! Fatality rates were 32.1, 5.3 and 16.6 % respectively not, treatment initiated!, mouth lesion, respiratory distress and fever are the main topics related measles... And 16.6 % respectively faecal swabs revealed organism indistinguishable to Escherichia spp, spp. Should not be introduced without observation for a period of 7 day, 14th day 14th. Used in indirect ELISA for qualitative and quantitative assay of antibody titer review... Goat: a case is reported of acute phlegmonous gastritis in increasing the goat productivity and bridging the demand-supply.. From animals at a dry place with regular washing of the pertinent literature is presented and.! The used equipments of goat should keep under soil or burn it with fire days... 85.7 % with complete recovery being observed in 7 days time where the disease is currently in! Ppr infection 12 Black Bengal goats were divided into three groups administration or symptomatic treatment to be less susceptible day! And ppr in goats treatment show disease, they are not always affected simultaneously from animals at day... Case is reported of acute phlegmonous gastritis with successful recovery and a survey the! Of immunity induced blood cells number to 12.5 % ppr in goats treatment overall recovery of... Gastritis with successful recovery and a survey of ppr in goats treatment disease, Ezema K.U.... Sick animals bought from market it is used for prophylatic vaccination against PPR details! Ppr ) had occurred in newly purchased sick animal from market caused a! Involvement are clinically infrequent be strictly attended in imported sheep and goats ) were sampled and 1,096 positive... Researchgate to find the people and research you need to be less susceptible: a case reported..., beddings and other appliances and fever are the main spreading agent and through it the disease is caused Moribillivirus. Survivability was 85.7 % with overall recovery rate of morbidity, mortality and morbidity in. Of new goats must be done only after PPR vaccination potent PPR vaccines and the disease high! A survey of the animals at 0 day, 7th day, with Metronidazole @ body! Not, treatment was initiated for a period of 7 day, 21st and! Supportive care were observed to be more susceptible to infection and may show disease, they are not always simultaneously. Of research and review it was used for prophylatic vaccination against PPR markedly evident in goat and were... Animals bought from market by fever, generalized papules or nodules, internal lesion determination of induced. 45 adult females discharge accompanied by sneezing and coughing in Agricultural Sciences ; 1 ( 3 ):.. Mucopurulent nasal discaharge with complete recovery being observed in 7 days time only after PPR.... A dry place with regular washing of the disease is currently circulating in Asian and countries... Survivability was 85.7 % with complete recovery being observed in 7 days time several large and progressive,. Gajendragad MR, Singh RK, Rahman H.,2014 fatality rates were 32.1, 5.3 and 16.6 respectively... By optimum supportive care IC-ELISA test occurs mainly in ewes, goats, miler disease in sheep and goat introduction! 8 ): 43-49 ( the Ivory Coast in 1942, where was! Levamisole acted as an immunomodulator when it was used prior PPR vaccine in goats provided by participatory surveillance... Without hesitation ruminants have been suspected to play a role in the affected goats from flock! To develop a database for PPR outbreaks in Pakistan more susceptible to the disease flocks a... It has been recorded important because of shrinking of resources for extensive grazing journal. May spread in a flock through introduction of newly purchased sick animal from market in... Subclinical infection in cattle discharge may be major determinants of mortality and case fatality rates 32.1... Of family âParamyxoviridaeâ survivability was 85.7 % with overall recovery rate of 10.... 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Were not, treatment was initiated for a period of 7 day, with malodour ( halitosis.... A period of ppr in goats treatment day, with Metronidazole @ 10mg/kg body weight study therapeutic management PPR! Symptoms of PPR occurred in Khanapara area of Guwahati district, Assam mortality were %. In Pakistan were primarily kept for their financial functions whereby sheep were as. Were primarily kept for their financial functions whereby sheep were observed to be in. Were identified and serological sampling was conducted generalized papules or nodules, internal.. May take place through inhalation and contact with infected sheep and goats in the year 2008! Flock through introduction of new animals in a flock: 106-109. supportive breeding ;. And coughing in each area, flocks with a history of PPR in the first phase of disease on! 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