Copyright © 2020, National Black Nurses Association, INC. Participating in this very important forum provided our founding members with the unique opportunity and the support to go about the business of establishing the National Balck Nurses Association. Evelyn Tomes African American nursing video collection, 1970s-1994. PURPOSES and OBJECTIVES. Over Twenty-five years later, the above philosophy and purposes and goals continue to guide the work of the National Black Nurses Association. At the conclusion of her survey she called a meeting at St. Marks Methodist Church in New York City. Although NACGN Chi Eta Phi Nursing Sorority had made tremendous inroads in removing some of the barriers for membership in ANA, black nurses in the late 60’s and early 70’s still had very little presence and influence in the leadership of the American Nurses Association. Maddux, Walter H., ca. During this era, hope, optimism and a commitment to improving the quality of life for blacks were evident across the nation. This caucus session resulted in the establishment of a Steering Committee, chaired by Dr. Lauranne Sams. Posts tagged as “National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses” BHM: Meet Mary Eliza Mahoney, 1st Licensed African-American Nurse in U.S. By goodblacknews on February 15, 2019 Speakers included: Arthur Grist, National Chairman of the Black Caucus of the American Public Health Association; E. Lorraine Baugh, who, at that time was the Executive Director of Nursing Education Opportunities in Boston, Massachusetts, Doris Mosley, Research  Associate at Teachers College at Columbia University, Anita Small, representing the newly formed Miami Black Nursing Association, and Betty Smith Williams, the founding president of the Council of Black Nurses, Los Angeles.   Subjects. ... the complete article (314K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Since the above is true, we as Black nurses have established a National organization to investigate, define, and determine what the health care needs of Black Americans are, and to implement change to make available to Black Americans and other minorities health care commensurate to that of the larger society. The conference attracted black nurses from places as far away as Miami, Florida and New York City. Her parents were initially slaves in North Carolina and that they had moved to reside in Boston after being freed. Through their diligence and efforts, the ANA 1972 House of Delegates passed a resolution mandating the establishment of the Affirmative Action Task Force. Name : Mabel Keaton Staupers papers, 1943-1983 (bulk 1951-1975). When headquarters in the YWCA were closed, Belle Davis, the executive secretary of the National Health Circle for Colored People provided space at her organization's office. Furthermore, black nurses who were members of ANA felt that their unique needs, as well as the serious health care needs of black people, were not being adequately addressed by ANA. 37. ; Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.] The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was a professional organization for African American nurses founded in 1908. The award continues to be awarded today by the American Nurses Association.     During the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, the climate for blacks throughout urban America was one of coming together to express pride in their identity, to demand equality, to fight against racism and discrimination and to seek power locally and nationally. Phyllis Jenkins from New York City was assigned to the Northeast group, Anita Small, from Miami, convened nurses from the southeast, and Ethelrine Shaw and Dr. Lauranne Sams took charge of nurses from the Midwest area. The first quota of fifty-six black nurses for the U.S. Army was announced in 1942; at the end of the war the Army had commissioned over five-hundred black nurses. The act stated that there would be no discrimination in the administration of benefits and thus brought about an increase in the number of black nursing students in the country. This was an organization dedicated to promoting the standards and welfare of Black nurses and breaking down racial discrimination in the profession. Staupers, Mabel Keaton, 1890-. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses African American nurses — … Through the founders’ collective vision, persistence and commitment, all black nurses now had an organization whose primary reason for being was to improve the health status of black people in the United States of America. The specific goal of the Affirmative Action Task Force was to develop an action plan and program to ensure effective and ongoing participation of black and other minorities in the total program of ANA (Affirmative Action in Action, American Nurse Association, 1974). Martha Minerva Franklin (1870-1968) was a founding member of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in 1908. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. National Archives and Records Administration. PHILOSOPHY John, Alma, 1906-1986. The conference stressed the fact that black nurses needed jobs without the pressures of racial bias. The following officers and committee chairmen of the Interim Steering Committee were selected: The founding members of the National Black Nurses Association recognized that in order to make a difference in the quality of life in our communities, black nurses across the nation had to take the lead.       Provision for the enjoyment of optimal health is the birthright of every American. Black nurses may not have gotten those chances till much later, or not even. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. Seeking the benefits of a professional organization denied them by the ANA, a group of African-American nurses, led by Martha Franklin of Philadelphia, met in New York in 1908 to form the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN). Only two months after the first historic meeting in Cleveland, the founding members had agreed on the philosophical statement, goals and objectives as well as the initial “ charter donation “ of $10,000 per member in preparation for formalizing the national association.   In 1970, the Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay Area black Nurses Association met and planned the first statewide conference of black nurses. Contributor: National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture Related titles. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was organized in 1908 when a group of fifty-two graduate nurses met in New York City. In 1968 and 1969, black nurse leaders in Los Angeles and San Francisco, respectively, who had visions of a better health care system for black people, where black nurses and other nurses of color played a prominent role in that system.   We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. It was her charge to spearhead the effort of identifying ways to keep in touch with the nurses present at the Miami meeting and to seek ways for future dialogue with other black nurses. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958. NBNA National Initiative on Violence Reduction, DCH Introduces New Breast Milk Program To Save Premature Babies, 2019 NBNA and NIH All Of Us Research Initiative. WorldCat record id: 239832359, From the description of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1951 [microform]. (Williams,1976). The AHA further honored Mahoney in 1976 by inducting her into their Hall of Fame. In 1918, the U.S. Secretary of War authorized a call to Colored nurses to come into national service. From the guide to the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958, (The New York Public Library. (Unknown). Other articles where National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses is discussed: Mary Mahoney: …ANA), she later joined the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) and addressed its first annual convention in Boston (1909).       This historic occasion was the beginning of the National Black Nurses Association as the professional organization for all black nurses across the nation! If you are visiting our non-English version and want to see the English version of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, please scroll down to the bottom and you will see the meaning of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in English language. Recruit, counsel and assist black persons interested in nursing to insure a constant procession of blacks in the field. Martha Franklin of Connecticut, a graduate of the school of nursing of the Woman's Hospital of Philadelphia, spearheaded the development of the organization. Franklin had spent much of her time and personal monies on collecting data to determine existing conditions among black nurses. Compile and maintain a national Directory of Black Nurses to assist with the dissemination of information regarding black nurses and nursing on national an local levels by the use of all media. During August 5 and 6, 1972, the NBNA Steering Committee met in Chicago, Illinois to discuss operational procedures, Constitution and By-laws, public relations activities, regional and national program activities, membership promotion, funding issues and, most importantly, incorporation. Notes from the “Summary of Symposia for Black Nurses “indicate that were three very successful symposia, spearheaded and planned by black nurses who voluntarily contributed their time, effort and finances to make the symposia happen .At the first symposium, black nurses from New York enthusiastically reported how they had come away from the 1970 ANA Convention in Miami inspired and motivated to action. She achieved her goal in 1946 when the American Nursing Association began to … National Library of Medicine, Emory University Library, Special Collect Department, Discrimination in employment--United States, African American nurses--History--20th century--Sources. This organization attempted to uplift the standards and everyday lives of African-American registered nurses.       Other speakers during this first symposium included Congressman Charles C. Diggs, Jr., from Michigan’s 13thCongressional District and the first Chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus. SNAC is a discovery service for persons, families, and organizations found within archival collections at cultural heritage institutions. SECTION C: NURSES ESTELLE MASSEY RIDDLE, R.N., M.A. Recognizing that a major concern of the organization was to increase the number of black nurses in the country, the founders believed that incorporating all levels of black nurses into the organization would place them in a better position to influence all nursing education programs in which black students were enrolled, as well as the caliber of all nursing services provided to black consumers. Miriam Holden papers, 1936-1947. Sitting: Phyllis Jenkins, Lauranne Sams, Betty Smith Williams and Ethelrine Shaw. (Pauline Bryant), 1905-1981. The first convention of black nurses was held in Boston in 1909. Since its organization, the history of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses reveals those quali-ties of courage, fortitude, and per-severance common to any group pioneering in any social or professional movement. It is important to note here that during this same time, several of our founding members were also pushing for greater representation and involvement of blacks and other minorities in the programs of the American Nurses Association (ANA). The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was founded in 1908 by Martha M. Franklin; its first annual meeting was held in Boston in 1909. Mabel Keaton Staupers became the first paid executive secretary of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses … She helped allow black nurses to do the same as white nurses and paved the way for equal rights to join the army as a nurse. During that time its organization with five original members grew to 55 members. Twenty-six attended at the invitation of Mary Mahoney, the first black professionally trained nurse in the country. Define and determine nursing care for black consumers for optimum quality of care acting as their advocates. (Carnegie, 1986). Osborne would eventually go on to become president of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. Mrs. Broadfoot was the primary organizer of the NCACGN, and was its president for 8 years (1923-1931). During the same period the Federal government was taking other steps to increase the numbers of and opportunities for black nurses. In 1908, Mahoney co-founded the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) with Adah B. Thoms. As early as 1942, the National League of Nursing Education had set a precedent by changing its by-laws. 38 Articles from Journal of the National Medical Association are provided here courtesy of National Medical Association. The NBNA Steering Committee expanded and individuals in the audience were divided into regional groups fro discussion and action strategies for organizing locally. This stimulated several state Leagues to admit black nurses. One of the first black members of the Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada (subsequently renamed the American Nurses Association, or ANA), she later joined the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) and addressed its first annual convention in … Black nurses have the understanding, knowledge, interest, concern and experience to make a significant difference in the health care statues of the Black community. Yet, Black Americans, along with other minority groups in our society, are by design or neglect, excluded from the means to achieve access to the health mainstream of America. Guide to the Scholarly Resources microfilm edition. Through the war years, the NACGN worked tirelessly to interpret the needs of black nurses and led a vigorous campaign to end discrimination in the field. Black nurses were no exception. Congressman Diggs reported on the National Black Political Convention held in Gary, Indiana, in March, 1972, that brought together over 10,000 blacks from across the country. By 1948 only nine states and the District of Columbia still barred black nurses. Martha Minerva Franklin founded the association. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Ms. Ethelrine Shaw was appointed Chairperson and Dr. Lauranne Sams, Betty Smith Williams and Janice E. Ruffin were appointed Task Force members. Therefore, from the very beginning, membership was open to registered nurses, licensed vocational/practical nurses and nursing students. 1892-1978. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center, History of Medicine Division. WorldCat record id: 122686937, From the description of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1951 [microform]. MISSION, ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was organized in 1908 when a group of fifty-two graduate nurses met in New York City.       As with any new organization the beginning years of the National Black Nurses Association were devoted to developing and agreeing upon an appropriate philosophy and mission, organizational structure, Constitution and By-laws and operating procedures. The Civil Rights Movement was the primary impetus that moved black people from all professions and all walks of life to action. While the issue of civil rights had been on the agenda of several civil rights organizations, such as the NAACP and the National Urban League, for many years, the events of the late 60’s and early 70’s crystallized the issue for most black Americans. From the description of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958. Staupers, Mabel Keaton, 1890-. Name Components. Twenty years after the dissolution of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGH), which marked the end of one era in the fight of black nurses for equality and access to membership in ANA, there emerged again an urgent need for another national nursing organization with a primary goal of placing the black nurse in the mainstream of professional nurses. At this time, annual membership dues for RN’s and LPN’s/LVN’s were $10.00 and $2.00 for nursing students, and was included in the first NBNA membership brochure designed by Gloria Rookard, Membership Chair. Mary Eliza Mahoney was born on May 7th, in 1845. The second symposium focused on issues related to enhancing the recruitment, retention and progression of black students in nursing education programs. The purposes of the new organization were enumerated in its Certificate of Incorporation. Add to My List Edit this Entry Rate it: (0.00 / 0 votes) Translation Find a translation for National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in other languages: Select another language: - Select - 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified) Staupers, Mabel Keaton, 1890-. Evelyn Tomes African American Nursing Video Collection, ca. By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies, Bibliographic and Digital Archival Resources. (Pauline Bryant), 1905-1981. Broadfoot had been a member of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses for 15 years acting as recording secretary for 4 years. African-American organizations. In their discussion of the evolvement of the New York Black Nurses Association, which was loosely formed in Spring, 1971, members forcefully pointed out that: “Pandas from China were better housed, fed and cared for than Black Americans; and that the USA passes out moon rocks instead of bread.” Deeply concerned about such inequities, in October, 1971, the New York, BNA held its first annual conference with the theme: “The Unliberated Black Nurse Community.” Papers, 1926-1981 (bulk 1970s). In 1928, she founded and edited the NACGN's official newsletter, The National News Bulletin. Our Founders Betty Smith Williams, Interim Chairman of the Constitution and By-laws Committee had drafted the first copy of the Constitution and By-laws in April, 1972. Community » Associations. Act as a change agent in restructuring existing institutions and/or helping to establish institutions to suit our needs. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. These two organizations advance the standards of nursing and develop leadership within the ranks of Black nurses. Mattiedna K. Johnson, Phyllis Davis, Mattie Watkins, and Florrie Jefferson. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908- 1951 by National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses., 1984, New York Public Library, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture edition, Microform in English The New York Public Library. We are still … Miss Franklin was elected president at the first meeting. Holden, Miriam. Collection, 1915-1985. [2] Series 1. Interim officers were elected and committee chairs were selected from the above group of black nurses. The executive board employed a nurse executive with a grant from the Rosenwald Fund, and an executive secretary was hired to implement a day-to-day program. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was a professional organization for African American nurses founded in 1908. Standing: Gloria Rookard, Betty Jo Davidson, Mary Harper, Doris Wilson. Martha Franklin of Connecticut, a graduate of the school of nursing of the Woman's Hospital of Philadelphia, spearheaded the development of the organization. National Archives and Records Administration, HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library, Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library. The program was carried forward with community assistance and financial support from NACGN's membership. Over a meal of fried chicken and other potluck delicacies (as recently told by Dr. Mary Harper at NBNA’s 23rdAnnual Institute and Conference), the following black nurses laid the foundation for the establishment of the National Black Nurses Association: Dr. Lauranne Sams, Betty Jo Davidson, Gertrude Baker, Barbara Garner, Dr. Mary Harper, Mattiedna Kelly, Phyllis Jenkins, Florrie Jefferson, Judy Jourdain, Geneva Norman, Betty Smith Williams, Etherlrine Shaw, Anita Small, Doris A. Wilson, and Gloria Rookard. Mahoney was their eldest daughter in a family of three children. Two years later a substantial increase in membership and volume of work made it necessary for the NACGN to establish an office of its own and to hire additional staff. In 1918 temporary headquarters were established in New York City through the courtesy of the 137th Street Young Women's Christian Association. More than petticoats; remarkable Connecticut women These changes made it possible for any eligible applicant to be admitted into the national organization if barred from membership in her state League. Additionally, members of NBNA were busy preparing to participate in various symposia planned for black nurses attending the ANA Convention, which was held in Detroit, Michigan during the first week of May 1972. To nurses or groups of nurses who had graduated from a training program 1911 and elected her its National.. 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