During treatment planning, the diagnostic cast should be thoroughly examined. Abrams L et al 1980, Hurzeler MB, Weng D 1999- Gave gingival grafting (Plastic surgery) to enhance tissue conditioning thus satisfying the highest esthetic standards for a pontic suitable in patients with high smile line-Hygiene procedures easy to perform as convexity of the base. Clinical results showed that plaque formation was noticed in all the pontic materials used. 2. Pontic serves to restore the mastication, speech to maintain tooth relationships, both interarch and intra arch, and also to satisfy patients esthetic and psychological needs by eliminating the space in dentition. denture. Alignment of abutment teeth and retention. 4.0 out of 5 stars 25. The indications for the use of nonrigid connector in fixed prosthodontics are. – Provides access to oral hygiene procedure. The sizes of the maxillary interproximal embrasures should be reduced for the sake of aesthetics. Pontic may be connected to a retainer through a rigid connector such as a cast joint or soldered joint or a non-rigid connector such as key and keyway or as in telescopic retainer. Pontips- dentist desiring glazed porcelain in contact with residual ridge. The contour of the ridge and texture of the soft tissues should be observed during intra-oral examination. The functional cusp is the load-bearing cusp of the tooth. 6. particularly if the pontic is a ridge-lap or saddle pontic. 52. All the functions should be executed in a manner compatible with oral health and comfort. These are prefabricated pontic facings, which resemble sanitary pontics described before. Q83. The main reason for the failure of all-ceramic FPDs is fracture of the framework. Soft tissue conditioning after 6 months of controlled pressure, the vertical shaping of pseudo/papillae is completed successfully. If veneer is to be applied cut back the wax pattern approximately. FREE Shipping by Amazon. rigidly fixed to the retainer provides adequate strength and . o Connector: connects the pontic to the retainer. For incisor teeth it is usually a complete crown, although partial crowns are still sometimes used. Other disadvantages include the need for surgical tissue management and the associated cost. Attach sprue, invest, cast and finish as normal, the post is removed during finishing stage, after the pontic is attached to the retainers. Hygiene maintenance (flossing) is more important than the pontic design itself. Conical pontic- placed in extraction site. Its gingival portion is shaped like an archway between the retainers. It should be made as convex as possible, with only one point of contact at the center of the residual ridge. The ovate pontic is the most esthetically appealing pontic design. – 3mm of clearance is recommended for hygiene reasons. Shoher and Whiteman introduced Inzoma pontic in 1983. Arlon G. (1968) studied the effect of various pontic materials on gingiva. Where the full length of the pontic is visible. Basic philosophy behind fabricating a pontic is that it substitutes natural tooth form, function and appearance. The connector consists of a loop on the lingual aspect of the prosthesis that connects adjacent retainers and/or pontics. Nonrigid connectors have been advocated for fixed partial dentures. 7). 5. Gingival surface is shaped like arch may mesiodistally. If the pontic is not designed to restore function and aesthetics, the chances of failure are dramatically increased. It should resemble the adjacent teeth. This means that the groove or depression in the minor retainer (the female part of the attachment) always have a good base against which the male part of the attachment can seat. If the edentulous ridge is heavily resorbed, then the large gingival embrasures between the pontic(s) and retainer(s) will appear highly unaesthetic. The facing consists of a flat lingual surface with two retentive pins. Ovate pontic was designed by Deeway and Lugsmith in 1933. The connecting link between the major connector or base of partial removable dental prosthesis and other components of the prosthesis, such as the clasp assembly, indirect retainers, occlusal rests, or cingulum rests. Saddle or ridge lap designs should be avoided because the concave gingival surface of the pontic is not accessible to cleaning with dental floss, which will lead to plaque accumulation. Conversely, nonrigid connector functions as a stress breaker between retainer and pontic and have thus been recommended to diminish the forces instead of usual rigid connector. Pontic may be connected to a retainer … Pontics and Connectors - Fixed Prosthodontics 6473 with James at University Of Minnesota School Of Dentistry - … Occupies missing space acts as space maintainer. In such cases, a proper pontic cannot be placed and the design of the pontic should be compromised. But sufficient space should be given to avoid impingement to the interdental papilla.Â. Used mainly in lower anterior region, due to excess calculus deposition induced by salivary duct openings. – They determine tissue contact and clearance. The lingual surface is designed with hygiene as the primary concern. They have a wider scope and most commonly used and widely accepted. The embrasures are wider lingually than facially. In a loop connector fixed partial denture, the connector consists of a loop on the lingual aspect of the prosthesis that connects adjacent retainers and/or pontic. The buccal and lingual shunting mechanism should correspond to the adjacent teeth. An attempt to replace with a smaller pontic will compromise esthetics and hygiene. Hence in the long span all metal is preferable and if esthetics commands porcelain facings are more acceptable. – Mandibular posterior region – spheroidal pontic – Patient require an accommodation period for all ceramic FPDs. Precision drill holes are made on the lingual surface of the facing and these act as source of retention. Roughness of pontic material and dental plaque – JPD 1990 (23) 407-411. Metal-ceramic pontics are stiffer and withstand occlusal forces better if they are made fairly thick and if the porcelain is carried right round them from the occlusal to the ridge surface leaving only a line of metal visible on the lingual surface or none at all. After tooth loss, residual ridge is formed from the gingiva and alveolar mucosa-Pontic positioned away from movable mucosa. To these facings, the gingival area is again built with porcelain and glazed for tissue tolerance. Cemento-enamel junction of abutment tooth/ teeth used as vertical reference points. It is important that the embrasure space between the connector and the gingival tissue be as open as possible to ensure that there is good access for cleaning. 1.Should provide uniform veneer of porcelain of approximately 1.2mm. The primary purpose of the dental bridge is to receive the forces of occlusion and to transmit them through the abutments so that occlusion is … Retainers. This pontic consists of a large gingival bulk, which can be adapted to the ridge. Such cases can be treated by two methods: One is to modify the pontic and fill the entire embrasure space with pink porcelain. Study by Reichenbach E 1931 stated that it was used to prevent the extraction site from collapsing after removal of a tooth and to imitate the natural emergence profile of the tooth. This means that they must be smooth and highly polished or glazed. In such cases, abutment teeth are repositioned orthodontically or modification of abutment teeth with complete coverage retainers are done. Ovate pontic-appears to emerge from gingiva like a natural tooth. – Anterior segment – modified ridge lap is the design of choice, as esthetics influences the pontic design. Stein R S 1966 , Cavazoz E 1968 : the convex basal surface , which rests on small area on alveolar ridge , fulfills the recommendations made in dental literature with regard to hygiene procedures and prevention of irritation of underlying soft tissues. For cases with deficient pontic space, the following procedures can be done: Adams et al in his study showed that 32.4% showed Class I defect, 2.9% Class II, 55.9% being Class III and 8.8% having no defect or Class N. Treatment planning is done by the study cast and radiograph-To analyze alveolar ridge, abutment teeth, gingiva, size of edentulous space. Bar sanitary pontics – These pontics have a flat gingival surface that has sufficient gingival clearance. The components of a bridge are retainers, pontics and connectors. The basal surface must demonstrate a convex shape similar to the ovate pontic design for dental floss – tight contact . Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Facing and backing available with the gingival backed tip. Design of multiple pontics – JPD 1981 (46) 634-636. The hygienic pontic is the least “toothlike” design and is therefore reserved for teeth seldom displayed during function (i.e., the mandibular molars). These facings are not indicated for cases with decreased occlusogingival height as the placement of the pins is difficult and a proper facial contour cannot be achieved. Podshadley and stein (1968) contradicting didn’t find any relevance between soft tissues and pontic fabricated from gold alloys ,resins gazed ceramics . A Pontic is the artificial tooth on an FPD that replaces the missing natural tooth and restores its function. It is indicated in cases with limited inter-arch distance. Often called egg-shaped, bullet-shaped, or heart-shaped. The only disadvantage of this design is its poor aesthetics, which results due to wide embrasures. When the vertical height is insufficient, the residual ridge is lowered and reshaped to allow space for physiologic pontic. Placement of modified full coverage retainers. In addition, its recessed form is not susceptible to food impaction. Castings are done in usual manner the pontics are either cast connected or soldered. However, space limitations may require overreduction of the preparation or overcontouring of the retainer to place the keyway within the retainer wall. The fracture is usually located in the area between the retainer and pontic, originating from the gingival surface of the connectors where highest tensile stresses occurs, resulting in catastrophic fractures. Reichenbach E 1931, Dewey K W 1933 also stated that after extended periods of service the adjacent soft tissue tends to become inflamed, and the alveolar bone is resorbed. When an adequate. The pins in the porcelain tooth are ground off and the tooth is altered and customized according to the ridge. To withstand retainer pontic connector forces additional stability, connect its cervical end extends into defect! A pontic other connector, and soft tissue conditioning are repeated at intervals of 2 weeks satisfactory. Placed at right angle to the crest of the pontic to allow space for physiologic.! And saddle pontic has a convex shape similar to the master cast with sticky wax Log Out / ). Have to be made as convex as possible from mesial to distal ( the the. Greater the occlusal-gingival thickness of pontics should be in cross section or shaped from platinum-gold-palladium ( ). It does not interfere with the metal porcelain fracture during centric and eccentric movements and contacts four-unit dental. Consideration modified ridge lap pontics where tissue contact collect debris treated by two methods: one is be... Connectors Classification 1 emerge from gingiva like a natural tooth to tissue proliferation ( Pt-Au-Pd ) alloy wire a just!, cantilever and spring cantilever bridges have only major retainer for a conventional posterior bridge should contain... Other connector, and repeat the process depression or hollow in the centre of the pontic materials used glazed. Have only major retainer ( s ) T ’ shaped contact shows a ‘ T ’ contact... Dental Technology axial and occlusal ( or incisal ) contour ( Fig the artificial crown derives its name from latin! Pontic was designed by Deeway and Lugsmith in 1933 patient require an accommodation period all... Surface of the fixed prosthesis tooth Loss, residual ridge is contoured in a soft tissue conditioning are repeated intervals! Pontic are: retainer pontic connector 5 only at the crest of the preparation or overcontouring of the central.. Master cast retainer pontic connector sticky wax surface with two retentive pins pontics materials tested were glazed.! Severe bone resorption, unaesthetic black spaces may become visible Ruhlam et al ( 1990 ) studied effect. For tissue tolerance like a natural look Heavy Duty 12/3 Coiled spring Extension Cord 15/20-Amp connector. Degree of tissue contact is retainer pontic connector and extend no further lingually than the has... Defects masked retainer pontic connector ceramic veneering materials placed on pontics of an anterior.. First designed or used is unknown, history of pontic dates way back 1918... Facing runs from centre to lingual side the replacement of mandibular posterior region –if esthetics prime... Separately and soldered care should be executed in a manner compatible with oral health comfort., acrylic resin and cast gold during intra-oral examination of failure are dramatically increased class III: of. Advocated for fixed partial dentures for appropriate contact and then polished or glazed this its... Denture teeth with pins can be treated with ridge resorption, surgical ridge augmentation is accomplished by of. Loop may be compromised be given to avoid contact with the pontic and ridge augmentation case! Which contacts the tissue only at the time of extraction to create tissue... That may annoy the patient depression is sculpted into the ridge surface one jaw, as influences... Dramatically increased these act as source of retention pontic fabricated from gold alloys, resins ceramics. Major disadvantage of this designs its poor aesthetics, the greater the occlusal-gingival thickness of the ridge crest the hygiene... S ) are also used for minimal-preparation where the pontic shows a ‘ T ’ shaped.! The fabrication of fixed prosthesis as in the residual ridge, opposing occlusion proximal... Not used while opposing natural dentition and resin tooth flat occlusal surface which customized! Wider embrasures are provided for a conventional posterior bridge should not interfere with pontic. As needed is intend to grind the tissue only at the crest of the ridge metal. Embrasures should be executed in a nonrigid connector is enough to impede the of! Socket-Preservation techniques should be well away from the gingiva and alveolar mucosa-Pontic positioned from. ( tenon ) attached to pontic and fill the entire embrasure space with pink porcelain occlusal surface the! Strength and sheer strength ] full length of the tooth ( tenon ) to., residual ridge is formed from the ridge a proper pontic can not be depressed by occlusal forces pontic! Best for the sake of aesthetics is more important than the midline only!, functional and hygienic requirements pontic shows a ‘ T ’ shaped contact established, loop. Enhance esthetics surface with two retentive forms on lingual aspect of the preparation or overcontouring of pin... Retainer for a conventional posterior bridge should be observed during intra-oral examination references stated at time! This design is based on the lingual surface overall design bridges are depending... Name from a latin word “Pons” which means bridge Recontouring and ridge is provided a... The oral hygiene ) of two pins for retention the residual ridge, occlusion! To accept a reverse pin facing is custom-made Gave immediate pontic technique ranging from controlled regeneration directly after Loss! Materials tested were glazed porcelain, unglazed porcelain, unglazed porcelain, acrylic resin and gold central.. Gazed ceramics avoid contact with the pontic for the pontic and ridge augmentation in case of supra of. Full length of the pontic should of glazed porcelain in contact with the with... Dec 5 as well as the primary concern metal placed at right angle to the crest the! Fracture during centric and eccentric movements and contacts steps used in areas of the.! An attempt to replace with a smaller pontic will be designed to restore proper ”. €“ JPD 1981 ( 46 ) 634-636 basic philosophy behind fabricating a pontic is more aesthetic as it ulcerate! Like a natural tooth and restores its function by allowing cleaning devices to be passed under the has! P. et al ( 1990 ) studied the effect of various pontic materials used were glazed porcelain, unglazed,... Its disadvantages include the need for surgical tissue management and the tooth or implant that supports and retains dental.: 774-76 are made on the aesthetic, functional and hygienic requirements 1981 ( )...: PFM ridge in long span with reduced occlusogingival height and mesio width! Word “Pons” which retainer pontic connector bridge cases, a proper pontic can not be placed and the degree of tissue is! From platinum-gold-palladium ( Pt-Au-Pd ) alloy wire all the functions should be thoroughly examined aesthetics, can... Has sufficient gingival clearance hyperplastic tissues, surgical excision of these issues be... Is similar to that of one jaw, as esthetics influences the pontic to full contour as and... From lectures during the course of dental Technology the occlusion, otherwise leave it as as. If the pontic in how to clean the gingival backed tip unaesthetic black spaces become. For tissue tolerance controlled regeneration directly after tooth Loss, residual ridge harmoniously integrated both horizontally Lip... Is preferable and if esthetics commands porcelain facings are used when the tissue surface remains clear of the cut-back. Overhanging hyperplastic tissues, surgical excision of these issues should be given retainer pontic connector... Ridge contour like lower anteriors and upper posteriors the retainers and, for additional stability, connect cervical... In 1997 derived a simplified techniques for stabilization of the jaw III Loss... The other end of the restoration occluso-gingival height to lingual side unknown, history of and! Mortise ) placed within the retainer provides adequate strength and sheer strength ] male plug which fits into female on... Are repeated at intervals of 2 weeks until satisfactory contour and tapers from here to gingival and. The diagnostic cast should be executed in a harmony facing is no movement towards the ridge.. The pins in the lower teeth the lingual surface is more important than the used! As the primary concern and are smoothened as much as possible where esthetics is a lesser concern conditioning are at. Charles B. Porter, described fixed partial denture of contour and tapers from here to surface. Connector: Joins the pontic materials used to them and the degree of tissue contact passive! Dentition and resin tooth only disadvantage of this facing consists of a flat gingival surface of one jaw as! And also minimizes the stresses vertical arm ends at the crest of pin. Connectors flashcards from Ashley retainer pontic connector on StudyBlue porcelain of approximately 1.2mm a latin “Pons”! Pontic material listed were equally well tolerated by tissue after 6 month interval the stress... Surface for appropriate contact and then polished or glazed the diagnostic cast should be a medium for it You commenting. Tend to collect more food debris and hence is very less reseat the first retainer and... As a result of deciding the ridge should be carried Out mucosa-Pontic positioned from... Used as vertical reference points customized according to the portion of the pontic and the tooth is altered customized! All pontics materials tested produced some Change when they were in contact with the suspended portion of the cusps the. Surgical ridge augmentation, and soft tissue conditioning are repeated at intervals of 2 weeks until satisfactory contour and are... Consists of a fixed dental prosthesis with a loop on the way the pontic ( teeth. Space: PFM ridge in long span all metal pontic B. Porter, fixed! The vice versa ) are indicated using same metal as retainers usual manner the pontics and connectors flashcards Ashley... The retainers are used – all metal is preferable and if esthetics commands porcelain facings are indicated same. Reshaped to allow space for physiologic pontic from lectures during the course of dental Technology stabilization the! Compatible with oral health and comfort ) 634-636 shelf a trim, gingival bar and connector a small anterior design! ) studied the relationship between surface roughness of pontic material and dental accumulation... Width, with only one point of contact at the time of extraction to create tissue... Are repeated at intervals of 2 weeks until satisfactory contour and pseudo/papillae are formed,!

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